Tree pruning: our practical and regulatory guide

Pruning trees requires knowledge, method and equipment, all these points we will cover in this practical article on pruning.

What is pruning?

A point of definition is necessary to make a good introduction. It consists of pruning selectively removing certain branches from a tree. In addition to limiting size, pruning aims to remove damaged or diseased wood to ensure healthy, balanced growth. Furthermore, it is sometimes essential to guarantee safety, especially in urban areas, where trees must coexist with human activity and must be integrated into the infrastructure.

Pruning and pruning: what are the differences?

Although often confused, pruning and pruning are not the same thing. We talk more about pruning shrubs and small trees, for example cashier, whether we model for aesthetic or production needs. Pruning is a maintenance procedure performed only on trees, to ensure their good health and therefore longevity.

Unlike size, which accepts approximations, pruning is a professional job, thoughtful cuts that sometimes require a very high level of skill.

When is the best time to prune?

The appropriate time for pruning may vary depending on the tree species and climatic conditions of the region. Generally, it is practiced at the beginning of winter when all the leaves have fallen or mid-spring after the sweat rises. Avoid frosts that are not favorable for outdoor work.

Regarding the frequency of pruning, young trees that are less than 10 years old should be maintained every 2 years. After that, pruning every 5 years should be more than enough and even every 10 years for specimens over 20 years old.

How to prune a tree?

He is an expert with a perfect command of pruning techniques, including working at height, safely and with the right equipment.
He is an expert with a perfect command of pruning techniques, including working at height, safely and with the right equipment. Copyright (c) 2021 Inna Kozhina/Shutterstock. No unauthorized use.

Before giving some practical advice, it still seems important to remember that pruning is work! The tree pruner is a trained expert and has an in-depth knowledge of different tree species. The latest regulations are up to date and perfectly master pruning techniques, among other things working at height, safely, with the right equipment. Therefore, we only recommend calling in a professional pruner for the most important and/or dangerous jobs.

Choose the right tools and secure your site

For the smallest branches, pruning shears or loppers it’s enough As soon as the diameter exceeds 4 to 5 cm, you will need to use a tree saw or even a chainsaw for larger branches. It goes without saying that they all need to be in perfect condition, sharp and maintained to ensure a healthy and risk-free cut.

Let’s talk about safety, in addition to personal protective equipment such as gloves, helmet and goggles, it is necessary to assess the area where the branches fall. Secure the area as much as possible so that no one can walk through it while you are working.

When the branches are too high, when you have to climb three ladders, ladders, ladders, etc., the matter becomes complicated and the instability makes pruning especially dangerous! Professionals generally use it harnesses and other safety devices, In addition to working in pairs, it’s probably time to give them the reins…

Apply correct pruning techniques

As we have said, good pruning cannot be done in any way! For example, although it may seem more aesthetic to you, know that it is not necessary do not prune a branch along with the trunk. In the same way, the cut should not be parallel to the trunk, it is advisable to observe the orientation of the branch to be cut and to prune in a perpendicular axis. These measures allow optimal and rapid healing of the area.

With a lopper, the cut should not be parallel to the trunk.
With a lopper, the cut should not be parallel to the trunk. Copyright (c) 2020 Ihor Hvozdetskyi/Shutterstock. No unauthorized use.

Although using a delimber remains relatively simple, cutting large diameter branches requires a certain method to be implemented.

  • First, mark the cutting area by cutting slightly below the branch. This will prevent it from tearing completely when you cut it.
  • Add a few inches to the ends of the tree and this time position yourself above the branch to cut it completely.
  • Released from the weight, you can now form a clean cut from the first notch.

Although it is debated among professionals, it is possible protect each wound by applying a natural putty. This prevents fungal attacks during the curing period, especially useful in more humid regions.

Is tree trimming tax deductible?

If pruning is done by a professional company approved for this type of service, it is considered a personal service (like gardening). So you can benefit an income tax credit 50% of the expenses incurred, if this pruning is done at eye level, in your garden and tree without the need for professional intervention, using ropes and harnesses.

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