The debate revolves around the ‘involvement’ of the DPE

In mid-February the government must announce the “simplification” of the DPE, in particular to penalize small areas less. But for some professionals, adapting the method would be a bad idea.

Accused of penalizing “small” areas, the government will direct the energy performance diagnosis (DPE) that determines whether a home is a thermal sieve or not. A non-unanimous choice. “Simplify” DPE homes under 30m2, or even under 50m2, occupied by students or the most vulnerable households: that’s the government’s word as the fateful date of January 1, 2025 approaches. Rental of accommodation labeled “G”, the worst DPE rating.

In the midst of the housing crisis, this provision of the Climate Law of 2021 risks, according to the Association of French Mayors, “suddenly reducing the rental supply”, even if the law applies only to new leases or their renewal. Created in 2006, DPE classifies homes from A to G, according to energy consumption and, from 2021, according to their impact on the climate. new DPE, unanimously “more reliable” because it is no longer based on the energy bill, but on the characteristics of the building, because it is still disputed.

In final examThe Economic Analysis Council shows that, for example, beyond 80 m2, there is no difference in real energy consumption between a property classified D or G.

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Business Cypru: DPE, a diagnosis far from reality – 01/11

“The schedule is too short”

In mid-February, The Minister of Ecological Transition, Christophe Béchu, will announce his “simplification” in order to “maintain the ambition of the initial schedule” to prohibit renting, “making the system more reliable for small areas” and introducing “flexibility measures” in the forecasts for the January deadline. 1, 2025. According to the National Observatory of Energetic Renovation, almost 34% of houses of less than 30 m2 have an F or G label, and 13% of houses of more than 100 m2.

In Paris, where 66% of the private rental stock is classified E, F or G, Housing deputy Jacques Baudrier has written to the Prime Minister to propose delaying the timetable, which is, under the conditions, unattainable. “The schedule is too short for all the co-owners involved in the renovation process to have the work completed before January 1, 2025”, wrote the elected communist, he wrote that these accommodations “will not be able to be re-rented”. “. That is, 60,000 homes in Paris and 170,000 in Ile-de-France.

“The state passed a law without providing sufficient financial resources to implement it,” he told AFP.

Dan Lert, deputy for Ecological Transition (EELV), does not share this position. According to him, “it is essential to maintain the schedule to achieve the objectives of the Paris Climate plan and fight against energy poverty”. “Every year in France, more than 10,000 people die because of poor insulation in their homes”, emphasizes the representative, even against changing the calculation rules.

About this, a study carried out by the World Health Organization (WHO). Published in 2011, estimates that 130,000 deaths in Europe are linked to “inadequate housing conditions” each year. But poor housing is a much broader concept than poor insulation. It includes homes that are cold, but also those with problems with moisture, mold, railings, air quality (especially carbon monoxide poisoning and deaths that could have been avoided with a smoke detector in case of fire), exposure to lead. tobacco, noise, etc.

The government’s initiative on DPE, on the other hand, delights construction and real estate professionals. “These are adjustments that will not profoundly change the impact of the DPE on the real estate market”, assured Loïc Cantin, president of the National Federation of Real Estate, that the dates of January 1, 2025, on the other hand, “are completely legal”. insecurity”. “Any G house that exceeds this period will be affected by indecency”, he assured.

“DPE does not punish small areas”

The president of the French Construction Federation, Olivier Salleron, believes that the climate law was adopted “without consultation”, and now calls for “the release of the rope by creating a light DPE”. Among diagnoses, opinions differ. If the Interprofessional Federation of Real Estate Diagnostics believes that a “correction for small areas” is needed, that is not the opinion of the president of Sidiane, Jean-Christophe Protais, the Interprofessional Association of Real Estate Diagnostics.

“The DPE does not penalize small areas. It shows that a small area naturally consumes more energy and emits more greenhouse gases in proportion to its surface area. It is scientific,” he noted.

“Manipulating the DPE means that with the wave of a magic wand, housing G will move to D, which means that owners who have initiated the renovation will feel cheated and those who have not will be delayed,” he added. recommending “giving more flexibility in terms”.

In a column published Wednesday in Les Échos, two researchers admit that measurement tools are “never perfect.” According to them, “waiting for an accurate forecast of real consumption from the DPE” is “illusory”, but abandoning it would “make energy poverty invisible”.

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